NCKU, Computer and Network Center

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The aims of the computer and network center are

1) creating an Information Technology(IT) service infrastructure;
2) supporting researching, teaching, and training;
3) handling the computerization of university administration;
4) making quality links between university, government institutions and industry;
5) building up campus networks for all of the faculty and students.

In 1967, the Engineering Science Research Center of the National Science Council (Ministry of Science and Technology), with the aid of the Sino-American Foundation, set up a computer room in National Cheng-Kung University (NCKU) which was the predecessor of this computer center. In 1976, approval was given by the Ministry of Education to formally establish the 「NCKU Computer Center」 (hereafter abbreviated as the center) in this campus. It was renamed the "NCKU Computer and Network Center" in 2000.

In the initial stage, the center only installed an IBM-1130 computer. In 1979, a large-scale CDC CYBER-172 computer system was leased, and terminals were installed in many departments of the university. This computer system was used to assist in teaching, researching, and project work, and partially to support computerized administration.

Because capacity requirements for teaching, researching and project work increased so rapidly, in 1984 the main frame was upgraded to a CYBER-830 and soon in 1986 to a CYBER-840. These changes resulted from increasing computing speed and expanding memory up to 16 MB and disk storage up to 904 MB. Its related peripheral equipment was also continuously improved.

In September, 1985, the center also installed an IBM 4381 system (with a memory of 8 MB and VM/CMS operating system) to provide users with more functions. In addition, the center continued adding new software and languages to both systems.

In recent years, the usage of personal computers has rapidly increased. In order to satisfy demands of the faculty and students, by August, 1989 four personal computer rooms ( with a total of 200 sets ) were set up to provide teachers and students with teaching and practicing functions in the center.

To equip with the capability of employee to match with drastic IT challenges, the center has offered the free IT courses for them around 160 hours per year.

To enhance network service, the center began to plan and implement the installation of a fiber-optic network within the campus in 1988. By the end of 1992, the campuses of Cheng-kung, Kuang-fu, Tzu-Chiang, Sheng-Li, and Chien-Kuo had been connected to the campus-wide backbone network. The center also installed 380-line dial-up networks to allow the faculty and students, either from the campus or off-campus, to connect to campus networks using a telephone and modem. In addition, Ethernet networks were installed in dormitories for graduate students and at Yun-Ping Building for administrators in September, 1993. By using the installed networks, such as campus fiber-optic network or dial-up network, all the faculty and students can search or retrieve the relevant information from other domestic or foreign on-line institutions at their offices, dormitories, or even at home.

This university is desisnated as a TANET TAINAN branch center by the Ministry of Education and an InterNet high-speed computer network NCKU branch center by the National Science Council, too. Therefore, all the colleges/universities and the research development departments of public institutions in the Tainan area can similarly acquire relevant information from domestic or foreign countries by joining the TANET and the InterNet through NCKU.

In August, 1991, the center installed a VAX 9420 super computer system with two CPUs and vector processor, resulting in a significant increase in computing power. This upgraded the research work of faculty and students to a higher level. In September, 1992, all the personal computers in the PC classrooms were also connected with campus networks.

In March, 1992, the center installed a Sun workstation to provide E-mail service for all divisions of this university. Each faculty members and students can apply for an E-mail address to transmit their messages all over the world. At the same period, the center also installed the Netnews system to offer faculty and students to read or transmit Netnews for academic exchange and to acquire updated information.

On the other hand, to provide faculty and students with a variety of work-stations and personal computers services, the center, besides the installed DEC work-station, also purchased a Sun SPARC work-station and twenty or more compatible work-stations, and also established a MAC computer classroom (including 20 or more PC and related peripheral equipment) for the use of related teaching, researching , and project work in August, 1993.

As far as the computerization of university administration affairs was concerned, the university adopted a large-scale relational database INFORMIX system and formulated its campus Client/Server framework in August, 1992. In September, 1993, for the administrative computerization, the center purchased a main-frame computer HP 9000/800-H70 to facilitate its integrative task of campus-wide computerization of university administration. The accounting management jobs in all administrative work-unit were computerized and applied in a campus network in March.

The NCKU WWW information service system was first established in February, 1995. In September, Distance-Learning details were designed and started.

In 1996, the first WWW homepage and BBS of NCKU were designed. In December, we arranged the first information exhibition in TAINAN Information-month activities. At that time, visitors were up to one hundred and ninety thousands people

In March, 1997, NCKU carried out Distance-Learning with Nantai and kun-shan Universities of Science and Technology. In April, in order to increase the administration efficiency, we set up the first administrative E-mail system to transmit official documents in our campus.

The center has also set up a modem dial-up link network service 368 lines for out-campus 56Kbps/ISDN and 22 lines for in-campus 33.6Kbps. Above all, to catch up to the wide-bandwidth era, at the beginning of 2001, the center also opened an ADSL network service with a capacity of 1300 sets. So far, the applicants amount to 260 sets.

In October, 2000, most departments or institutes have realized their local network capacity into 10Mbps at least. Not to mention, the campus backbone infrastructure is equipped with 100Mbps at least, and some of important link is even prompted as 1Gbps

Up to June of 2001, our up-link TANET bandwidth is set to 120Mbps, the inter-link with ISP bandwidth is 249Mbps,another down-link to TAINAN city and TAINAN county Network centers' bandwidth is 45Mbps each, as to the universities and colleges, middle-high school within TAINAN area, the linkage of bandwidth varied from 64Kbps to 45Mbps.

The Network-Learning was initiated in 1998. At the same time, DEC ALPHA 8400 mini super computer and UNIX 4.0b operating system were introduced to support the research of students and teachers. In June, the GIGA-POP network center was set up in NCKU.

In 1999, we helped all the primary, junior high, and senior high schools in Tainan city and county to set up their ADSL. In May, the document computerization was begun and Multimedia Generating and Incubating Center was established.

For adapting to the Information Technology (IT) change and trend, the center made its drastic organization adjustment in August of 2000. Afterward, it was renamed "The Computer and Network Center". Meanwhile, the center newly formed one division function as "Teaching and Researching" which will help to implement the IT up-flow concept conversion to the most popular IT user applications.

Above all, on May 7, 2001, the center won her national university country-first quality prize on ISO 9002 which is the symbol of highest honor of the best service.